Edema – What Causes Water Retention and How to Avoid It

Edema - What Causes Water Retention and How to Avoid It

Water retention or also known as Edema is a condition noticeable by swellings in the feet, ankles, legs, and hands. These swellings are a consequence of the fluid accumulation in the circulatory system, cavities, and the tissues.

Edema most often emerges in the case of pregnancy, menopause, burns, physical inactivity, poor diet, the use of contraceptive pills and any other pill that contain estrogen, and medications like vasodilators and NSAIDs.

Its main cause determines its symptoms which usually develop gradually. It can be discovered by blood and urine tests, heart function tests, liver function tests, or X-ray.

In most of the cases, edema is not serious, but there are times when it may cause a serious health risk if it is a result of kidney disease, diabetes, heart failure, or liver disease.

Edema is sorry to say, very common, and it affects about 4.4 million Americans. It is important to be acquainted with its main causes and the ways you can treat it.

These are the main cause for water retention:

  1. Dehydration

If you are not accurately hydrated, the body retains water, causing swellings in the legs, hands, feet, and ankles. For that reason, avoid soft drinks and coffee and drink lots of water to keep your body hydrated.

  1. Excessive Sodium Intake

Edema often happens when the body begins to use the water reserves it has. This often happens because of excessively consuming sodium-rich foods. Therefore, make sure you keep away from these foods and consume Himalayan salt as an alternative.


  1. Vitamin B6 Deficiency

This vitamin is vital in many processes connected to water balance in the body, so its shortage might cause edema.  The Journal of Caring Sciences published a research in which women with premenstrual syndrome received this vitamin every day, and had great improvements very soon.

As it is a water-soluble vitamin, you must consume it through bananas, chicken, tuna, turkey, dried fruits, pistachio nuts, potatoes, lean beef, and sunflower seeds.

  1. Excessive Consumption of Processed Foods

Processed foods are very high in sugar and sodium, as well as many toxic chemicals. They put extra pressure on the kidneys and liver, and therefore raise the risk of edema.

These foods are as well high in artificial sweeteners, which lead to insulin and blood sugar spikes.

  1. Magnesium Deficiency

The decreased levels of magnesium in your body slow down the suitable function of many vital bodily systems and therefore lead to edema. A research on this topic established that the intake of 200 milligrams of magnesium on a daily basis might decrease edema in women with PMS symptoms.

You should use magnesium supplements and eat more foods rich in it, such as whole grains,  spinach, nuts, dark chocolate, and avocados.

  1. Potassium Deficiency

Potassium is tremendously important for the function of tissues, cells, and organs in your body. As well it plays a role in the upholding of water balance, so its low levels guide to water retention and issues like cramps, weight gain, and muscle cramps.

As an outcome of its capability to decrease sodium levels, it is able to repeal edema.  It is established in fruits, and particularly in honey melon, watermelon, and rock melon.

To decrease edema, you can use many natural plants which have powerful diuretic properties. Some of them are garlic, corn silk, nettle, dandelion, parsley, fennel, horsetail, and hibiscus.

Source: thehealthawareness.com

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